Catalog

Aglianico

COMMON SYNONYM: Aglianichello, Aglianico di Castellaneta, Aglianico Femminile
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Most commonly associated with Italy
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER:
PEDIGREE:
USE: Wine
VIGOR:
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING:
CLONES OFFERED: 01, 05

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

Agria

COMMON SYNONYM: Turan
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Hungary
SPECIES: Vitis vinifera
BREEDER: Jozsef Csizmazia
PEDIGREE: (Teinturier x Kadarka) x (Côt/Malbec x Perle von Csaba)
USE: Wine
VIGOR: High
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Ripens in early September
CLONES OFFERED:

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Agria grapes are known to be an ‘early red’ and the deeply colored skins have high tannins. Usually used to enhance a blend color. Recommended to grow in cool climates and is frost resistant down to -10 degrees Fahrenheit.

Aleatico

COMMON SYNONYM: Agliano, Leatico, Livatica
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Italy
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER:
PEDIGREE: 6- DNA analysis (at San Michele all’Adige, Italy) suggests possible parental relationship with Muscat blanc à petits grains
USE: Wine
VIGOR:
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING:
CLONES OFFERED: 01

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

Alicante Bouschet

COMMON SYNONYM: Alicante Henri Bouschet
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: France
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER: H. Bouschet
PEDIGREE: Petit Bouschet x Grenache
USE: Wine
VIGOR: Medium
BUDBREAK: Early
HARVEST TIMING: Early
CLONES OFFERED: 01

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Pink flesh and deep red grape coloring characteristics. Canned Alicante Bouschet juice has been used by amateur winemakers to ferment homemade wines. Popularly grown in California, France and Spain, and in cool regions.

Alvarinho

COMMON SYNONYM: Albariño
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Portugal/Spain
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER:
PEDIGREE:
USE: Wine
VIGOR: High
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Normal
CLONES OFFERED: 01

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION:
Alvarinho is a white grape variety. Used to make sparkling wines, to add pleasant citrus fruit aroma in blends, and improves with oak aging. Known to be similar to a Riesling clone. Grows well in heat and humidity.

Arinto

COMMON SYNONYM: Arinto de Bucelas, Pedernã
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Portugal
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER:
PEDIGREE:
USE: Wine
VIGOR: Moderate
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING:
CLONES OFFERED: 02

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Known for its high acidity, aging in the bottle and its citrus quality. Best grown on moderate chalky soil.

Auxerrois

COMMON SYNONYM: Auxera, Auxerrois de Laquenexy, Auxerrois gris, Auzerrois blanc, Blanc de Kienzheim, Ericey de la Montee, Okseroa, Pinot Auxerrois
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: France
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER:
PEDIGREE: Pinot x Heunisch Weiss (Gouais blanc)
USE: Wine
VIGOR: Medium
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Mid Season
CLONES OFFERED: 01

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Shares the same parent plant as Chardonnay. A red wine grape species widely grown in France called ‘Malbec’.

Baco Noir

COMMON SYNONYM: Baco 1, Baco 24-23, Baco noir
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: France
SPECIES: Interspecific hybrid (vinifera; riparia)
BREEDER: François Baco
PEDIGREE: Folle blanche x V. riparia
USE: Wine
VIGOR:
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING:
CLONES OFFERED:

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

Barbera

COMMON SYNONYM: CVT 84
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Italy
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER: Istituto Sperimentale per la Viticoltura
PEDIGREE:
USE: Wine
VIGOR: High
BUDBREAK: Early
HARVEST TIMING: Mid-season
CLONES OFFERED: 04, 06

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Commonly grown in Piedmont and northern Italy. Thought to be identical to the Perricone grape. Produces a dark red wine, low tannins and high acidity. When grown in North America, is mostly limited to the warm western coastal areas.

Bluebell

COMMON SYNONYM: Minn.158, Minnesota 158
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: USA
SPECIES: Interspecific Cross
BREEDER: A. Wilcox
PEDIGREE: Beta x unknown variety of Eastern U.S. (labrusca)
USE: Jelly,Juice,Table
VIGOR: High
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Mid season
CLONES OFFERED:

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Bluebell is a Concord-like variety that is winter hardy to -30 degrees Fahrenheit. A blue seeded table grape that is used for red juice, jams and jellies. Ripens 2-3 weeks earlier than the Concord variety.

Cabernet Franc

COMMON SYNONYM: Bouchet, Bouchy, Breton
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: France
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER:
PEDIGREE:
USE: Wine
VIGOR: Moderate
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Mid- to late-season
CLONES OFFERED: 01, 04, 11, 13

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: This variety is a parent of Cabernet Sauvignon. Vines grow well in many soil types in both cool and warm climates. Avoid planting in highly fertile, deep soils. Grapes have a deep purple color.

Cabernet Sauvignon

COMMON SYNONYM: Oakville, Petit Cabernet, Petite Vidure
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: France
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER:
PEDIGREE: Cabernet Franc x Sauvignon blanc
USE: Wine
VIGOR: Vigorous
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Late
CLONES OFFERED: 02, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 10, 15, 21, 24, 33, 34, 35, 47

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: One of many grapes to make the French Bordeaux region blended red wines. The original parents of this cold-hardy variety were Sauvignon Blanc and Cabernet Franc. Need to bottle for 5-10 years to reach the best flavor. Somewhat resistant to cracking and bunch rots. In the warmer areas of California, grapes made into one variety will usually produce higher levels of alcohol due to high sugar and lower acidity levels.

Canadice

COMMON SYNONYM: Canadice Seedless, NY 45625
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: USA
SPECIES: Interspecific Cross (labrusca; vinifera)
BREEDER: R.M. Pool, J.P. Watson, K.H. Kimball, J. Einset
PEDIGREE: Bath x Himrod
USE: Wine, table, juice, jelly
VIGOR: Moderate
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Early to Mid-season
CLONES OFFERED: 02

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: This variety produces medium clusters with small, sweet red seedless grapes. Canadice is winter hardy up to -20 Fahrenheit. Susceptible to black rot, downy mildew and botrytis. Often used for jams and jellies.

Carignane Noir

COMMON SYNONYM: Mazuela, Cariñena
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Spain
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER:
PEDIGREE:
USE: Wine
VIGOR: Vigorous
BUDBREAK: Late
HARVEST TIMING: Late
CLONES OFFERED: 03

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: This variety may not fully ripen in cool, coastal regions. Care should be taken to avoid overcropping, which results in low sugar and acidity, as well as poor color development. Carignane produces a significant second crop, which ripens several weeks after the primary crop. Second-crop removal or selected hand harvest may be necessary in coastal regions.

Carmenere

COMMON SYNONYM: Grande Vidure
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: France
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER:
PEDIGREE: Cabernet Franc x Gros Cabernet (likely)
USE: Wine
VIGOR: High
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Late to ripen
CLONES OFFERED: 03

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Carménère has long growing season in moderate and warm climates. Does poor during harvest if it is introduced to excessive rain or irrigation water. Known to have high levels of sugar before tannins ripen.

Chambourcin

COMMON SYNONYM: Chamborcin, Chambourcin Noir, J.S. 26-205, Johanes Seyve 26.205, Joannes Seyve 26.205
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: France
SPECIES: Interspecific Cross
BREEDER:
PEDIGREE: Seyve-Villard 12-417 x Seibel 7053
USE: Wine
VIGOR:
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING:
CLONES OFFERED: CPCNW

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

Charbono

COMMON SYNONYM: Corbeau
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: France
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER:
PEDIGREE:
USE: Wine
VIGOR:
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Late
CLONES OFFERED: 04

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

Chardonnay

COMMON SYNONYM: 108, Pinot Chardonnay, Aubaine, Beaunois, Gamay Blanc, Melon Blanc
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: France
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER:
PEDIGREE: Pinot noir x Gouais blanc
USE: Wine
VIGOR: Moderate
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Early
CLONES OFFERED: 05, 06, 15, 37, 38, 66, 69, 70, 72, 79.1, 84, 95, 352

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Chardonnay is the standard grape used for white wines. In cool climates the wine made from Chardonnay is usually aged in small oak barrels to create strong flavors and aromas. It is grown around the world because of its versatility, and is an important component of most sparkling wines. Susceptible to bunch rots and fruit mildew.

Chasselas Cioutat

COMMON SYNONYM: Chasselas Ciotat
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: France
SPECIES: Vitis laciniosa
BREEDER:
PEDIGREE:
USE: Table,Wine
VIGOR:
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING:
CLONES OFFERED:

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Chasselas Cioutat grape clusters have medium to thick skin.

Chasselas Dore

COMMON SYNONYM: Fendant
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: France
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER:
PEDIGREE:
USE: Wine
VIGOR: Medium
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Normal
CLONES OFFERED: 05

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Chasselas Dor is a full, dry and fruity white wine grape. Also known as the favorite European table grape. May be related to the Viognier grape.

Chenin Blanc

COMMON SYNONYM: Chenin, Pineau de la Loire, Pineau d’Anjou, Steen
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: France
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER:
PEDIGREE: 6-DNA analysis in 1999 (in Austria) suggests possible parent/progeny relationship with Sauvignon blanc; see reference 70 for parentage Sauvignon x Rot Traminer
USE: Wine
VIGOR: High
BUDBREAK: Early
HARVEST TIMING: Late
CLONES OFFERED: 04

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: A widely grown white-wine variety, made in many ways with or without residual sugar. Chenin Blanc grapes are hard, acidic and slow to mature. Used as an acidity enhancer in the United States for high sugar blends. Used to make dry and natural sweet table wines and sparkling wines.

Cinsaut

COMMON SYNONYM: Cinsault, Black Malvoisie, Black Prince, Blue Imperial, Oeillade Ulliade, Cinq Sao, Ottavianello
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: France
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER:
PEDIGREE: 6-DNA analysis in 1999 (in Austria) suggests possible parent/progeny relationship with Sauvignon blanc; see reference 70 for parentage Sauvignon x Rot Traminer
USE: Raisin, Table, Wine
VIGOR: Excellent
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Short growing season
CLONES OFFERED: 02

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: This grape is used in red or rosé blends to add softness and bouquet. Often blended with Cabernet Sauvignon wines. The large bunches of black Cinsaut grapes grow well in a dry climate but can be sensitive to disease.

Claret Vine

COMMON SYNONYM: Vitis vinifera ‘Purpurea’
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN:
SPECIES:
BREEDER:
PEDIGREE:
USE: Jelly,Juice,Raisin,Table,Wine
VIGOR: Hardy to -10F
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: September
CLONES OFFERED:

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: White leaves in spring turn to different shades of purple when clusters of its grapes ripen in the fall. The Claret grape is great for fresh eating, making jam, juice or Claret wine. Usually takes 2-3 years to bear fruit. Drought resistant once the grape is established, and a good climbing plant.

Concord

COMMON SYNONYM: Bergerac, Dalmadin, Feherhatu, Fekete Noah, Furmin noir, Gorin, Kek Olasz, Nyarlevelue, Olasz Kek
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: USA
SPECIES: V. labrusca x V. vinifera
BREEDER: Introduced by Ephraim Bull
PEDIGREE: OP labrusca seedling x vinifera
USE: Canning,Juice,Table,Wine
VIGOR: High
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Early to Mid-season
CLONES OFFERED: 9-22, 9-27, 9-29, 9-33

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: These grapes are tough skinned, flavorful and very aromatic – an all purpose grape used for grape jelly, juice, grape soda and candy. Used for kosher wines or as a blender for sweet wines.

Couderc 1616

COMMON SYNONYM: 1616C, 1616 Couderc
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: France
SPECIES: Solonis x Riparia hybrid
BREEDER: Couderc
PEDIGREE: Solonis x Gloire de Montpellier
USE: Rootstock
VIGOR: Low
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: n/a
CLONES OFFERED: n/a

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Known to be a low vigor rootstock, and performs well on heavy clay water-logged sites.

Couderc 3309

COMMON SYNONYM: 3309C, 3309 Couderc
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: France
SPECIES: Interspecific Cross (riparia; rupestris)
BREEDER: Couderc
PEDIGREE: Riparia tomenteuse x Rupestris Martin
USE: Rootstock
VIGOR: Moderate/High
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: n/a
CLONES OFFERED: n/a

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: 3309C and many other rootstocks are very sensitive to viruses that cause graft incompatibility. It has small leaves with tufted hairs at the intersection on the lower surface.

Delight

COMMON SYNONYM: California 1220F21, Dilajt
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: USA
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER: H.P. Olmo at the University of California at Davis
PEDIGREE: Scolokertek kiralynoje x Sultanina marble
USE: Table, raisin
VIGOR:
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Late July
CLONES OFFERED: 01A

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: This fruit has higher sugar and ripens a bit earlier. Flavor is a light muscat. Vines are slower to establish, but easier to handle. Grows well in coastal and areas with low chill.

Dolcetto

COMMON SYNONYM: Nera Dolce
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Italy
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER:
PEDIGREE:
USE: Wine
VIGOR: Moderate
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Early
CLONES OFFERED: 02, 03

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: The dry Dolcetto grape has aroma flavors of black cherry, almond and liquorice. Wine is typically consumed in two or three years of bottling. Growing best on white soils, the juice is usually made into fruity dark red wine with low acidity, and shortly fermented tannins. DNA tests by UC Davis in California show this variety is not identical to Douce Noire (Savoie) or Charbono (California) varieties.

Dornfelder

COMMON SYNONYM: Weinsberg, Weinsberg S 341
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Germany
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER: Dr. August Herold
PEDIGREE: Helfensteiner (Pinot Precoce noir x Schiava Grossa) x Heroldrebe (Portuguiser x Blaufraenkisch)
USE: Raisin, Table, Wine
VIGOR: Medium
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Early
CLONES OFFERED:

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: A relatively new variety that is early to ripen with good acidity that creates wine darker than typical reds. Originally grown as a blending wine to improve the color of pale reds, but is best used on its own to produce a dry red, sweet red or sweet rose. One parent vine is the hybrid cross of Trollinger and Früburgunder and also the cross of Blau Portuguiser and Lemberger.

Durif

COMMON SYNONYM: Petite Sirah, Petite Syrah
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: France
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER: Durif
PEDIGREE: Syrah x Peloursin
USE: Table, Wine
VIGOR: Vigorous
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Mid to Late season
CLONES OFFERED: 05

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: A popular variety grown in France, California and Australia. Possibly a cross between Peloursin and Syrah varieties. The grapes grown in tight clusters that can be susceptible to sunburn, berry shrivel and rotting in excess rain. Durif leaves are large, with a bright green top and paler green bottom.

Edelweiss

COMMON SYNONYM: Eidelweiss, Elmer Swenson 40, E.S. 40
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: USA
SPECIES: Interspecific Cross
BREEDER: Elmer Swenson, P. Pierquet, C. Stushnoff
PEDIGREE: Minnesota 78 (Beta x Witt) x Ontario
USE: Jelly,Juice,Table,Wine
VIGOR: High
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Early season
CLONES OFFERED:

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Early ripening, large clusters of medium-sized white sweet grapes. Winter hardy and excellent disease resistance, but may require winter protection. When fruit is harvested early, it can make a sweet white wine. Can also be used as a table grape or for juices and jellies.

Ehrenfelser

COMMON SYNONYM: Geisenheim 9-93
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Germany
SPECIES: Vitis vinifera
BREEDER: H. Birk
PEDIGREE: Riesling x Knipperlé (Pinot x Gouais blanc)
USE: Table, Wine
VIGOR:
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Early
CLONES OFFERED:

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Ehrenfelser is a white-wine variety, grown from the crossing of Riesling and a Knipperlé clone. Can be used as a Riesling substitute and its grapes’ mild acidity discourages aging.

Einset Seedless

COMMON SYNONYM: Einset, New York 63-878-1, NY 63.878.1
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: USA
SPECIES: Interspecific Cross (includes labrusca and vinifera)
BREEDER: B. Reisch, G.W. Remaily, R.M. Pool, J.P. Watson
PEDIGREE: Fredonia x Canner Seedless (Hunisa x Sultanina)
USE: Table
VIGOR: High
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Early to Mid-season
CLONES OFFERED:

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Einset is a red seedless variety with bright red medium sized grapes. Has a strawberry jam flavor.

Emerald Seedless

COMMON SYNONYM: I7-11
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: USA
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER: H.P. Olmo
PEDIGREE: Emperor x Pirovano 75
USE: Table, raisin
VIGOR: Hardy
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: July
CLONES OFFERED: 02

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Emerald Seedless has large, yellow/green berries that are crunchy and very flavorful.

Fiesta

COMMON SYNONYM: Fresno 18-94; F18-94
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: USA
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER: J.H. Weinberger and F.N. Harmon
PEDIGREE: (Calmeria x 43-13N) x [(Cardinal x Sultanina) X 43-13S]; parentage of 43-13N and 43-13S= (Red Malaga x Tifafihi Ahmer) x (Muscat of Alexandria x Sultanina)
USE: Table, raisin
VIGOR:
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Early
CLONES OFFERED:

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: The Fiesta variety produces high quality, meaty raisins and ripens early. It is not used as a table grape due to sensitivity to gibberellic acid.

Flame Seedless

COMMON SYNONYM: F32-137
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: USA
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER: J.H. Weinberger and F.N. Harmon
PEDIGREE: (Cardinal x Sultanina) x [(Red Malaga x Tifafihi Ahmer ) x (Muscat of Alexandria x Sultanina)]
USE: Table
VIGOR:
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Early season
CLONES OFFERED: 01

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Produces grapes that are small, round and firm. Grape clusters are cone-like, and ripen in early July. Responds extremely well to girdling and gibberellin treatment.

Folle Blanche

COMMON SYNONYM: Damery, Hivernage, Picpoule
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: France
SPECIES: Vitis vinifera
BREEDER: H. Birk
PEDIGREE: Shares half of its alleles with Gouais blanc (Heunisch weiss)
USE: Wine
VIGOR: Weak
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Early
CLONES OFFERED: 04

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Traditional greenish white grape also known as Picpoule, it is not related to the Piquepoul/Picpoul. Creates a very acidic wine. Leaves are a gray-green with medium deep lobe and wooly underneath.

Fresno Seedless

COMMON SYNONYM: Fresno 32-68
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: USA
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER:
PEDIGREE:
USE: Table
VIGOR:
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING:
CLONES OFFERED:

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: A white grape and the most popular of all seedless table grapes. Fresno Seedless is a sibling of Flame Seedless and is a result of the cross (‘Cardinal’ x ‘Thompson Seedless’) x [(Red Malaga’ x ‘Tifafihi Ahmer’) x (‘Muscat of Alexandria’ x ‘Thompson Seedless’).

Frontenac Gris

[frame_left src=”https://www.inlanddesert.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/Frontenac.jpg” href=””][/frame_left]COMMON SYNONYM:
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: USA
SPECIES: Interspecific Cross
BREEDER: Peter Hemstad
PEDIGREE: Grey-fruited sport of the University of Minnesota’s red wine cultivar Frontenac
USE: Wine
VIGOR: High
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Mid- to Late-season
CLONES OFFERED:

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: This white wine grape is cold hardy, is nearly disease- and mildew-resistant and has the same vine characteristics as Frontenac. The light red and gray grape makes for a sweet white or rosé wine. Grapes have aromas of peach, apricot, citrus and tropical fruit.

Gamay Noir

COMMON SYNONYM: Gamay Noir à Jus Blanc, Gamay Beaujolais
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: France
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER:
PEDIGREE: Pinot noir x Gouais
USE: Wine
VIGOR: Moderate
BUDBREAK: Early
HARVEST TIMING:
CLONES OFFERED: 05

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Gamay Noir berries have pale purple flesh, and is most often grown in the same manner as, Pinot Noir. Budbreak is early, but the fruitfulness of secondary buds reduces its vulnerability to spring frost. Best suited to cool climate regions, medium-fertility soil and hill-sides are often preferred. Shot berries from cool weather during bloom can be a problem. Excessive cluster exposure can cause sunburn.

Garanoir

COMMON SYNONYM: Granoir, Pully B-28
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Switzerland
SPECIES: Vitis vinifera
BREEDER: Forschungsanstalt Agroscope Changins-Wädenswil ACW
PEDIGREE: Gamay noir x Reichensteiner
USE: Wine
VIGOR: High
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Early to ripen
CLONES OFFERED:

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: The Garanoir reddish purple wine grape comes from the Gamay Noir x Reichensteiner cross. Has the same lineage as Gamaret. Juice has low sugar levels and acid drops quickly when ripening. Vine has good resistance to rot and fungal diseases.

Gewürztraminer

COMMON SYNONYM: France 47, Traminer, Rotclevner, Rousselet, Frenscher, Edeltraube
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Italy
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER: Tramin
PEDIGREE:
USE: Wine
VIGOR: Moderate
BUDBREAK: Early
HARVEST TIMING: Mid-season
CLONES OFFERED: 01, 04

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Developed from the parent Traminer; one of the main grape varieties. These pinkish-red grapes grow well in the cooler coastal areas due to its high sugar and low acidity. Vines are particular about soil and climate and is very susceptible to disease.

Glenora

COMMON SYNONYM: New York 35814
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: USA
SPECIES: Interspecific Cross (labrusca; vinifera)
BREEDER: R.M. Pool, J.P. Watson, K.H. Kimball, J. Einset
PEDIGREE: Ontario x Russian Seedless
USE: Table
VIGOR: High
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Mid-season
CLONES OFFERED:

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Glenora is a high-quality seedless variety that produces medium sized blue grapes with a mild taste.

Graciano

COMMON SYNONYM: Morrastel, Tinta Miuda, Cagnulari, Xeres
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Spain
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER: Jorge Boehm
PEDIGREE:
USE: Wine
VIGOR: Low
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Late
CLONES OFFERED: 01

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: A black/red wine grape usually grown in Spain. Graciano thrives in warm, arid climates with chalky soils. Susceptible to downy mildew. When wine is produced it carries a strong aroma, and ages well with its high acidity and medium tannins.

Grenache Noir

COMMON SYNONYM: Garnacha, Garnacha tinta, Grenache, Alicante
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Spain
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER: Aragon
PEDIGREE:
USE: Wine
VIGOR: High
BUDBREAK: Mid-season
HARVEST TIMING: Late
CLONES OFFERED: 01A, 02, 03

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Grenache is believed to be descended from the Cannonau grape, an ancient variety grown in Sardinia. This hardy vine is one of the most popularly planted wine varieties world-wide. Purple grapes lacking in acidity, tannin and color make for blending with blush wines that age well. This vine is susceptible to various grape diseases, has good wind tolerance and grows well in dry, warm or drought climates.

Grüner Veltliner

COMMON SYNONYM: Veltliner Grüen, Green Veltliner, Grüner Muskateller
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Austria or Italy
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER: Veltlin
PEDIGREE: TBD
USE: Wine
VIGOR: Medium
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Mid to Late
CLONES OFFERED: 01

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: This white-wine, deep green grape us used to create the famous same name fresh, fruity young wines. Has good aging potential of up to 15 years. Grüner Veltliner leaves are five-lobed and the grape bunches are long and compact. Somewhat hardy but ripens late.

Himrod

COMMON SYNONYM: Himrod Seedless, New York 15310
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: USA
SPECIES: Interspecific Cross (includes labrusca; vinifera)
BREEDER: A.B. Stout
PEDIGREE: Ontario x Sultanina
USE: Table
VIGOR: High
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Early to Mid-season
CLONES OFFERED: 02

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: This vigorous variety produces large, loose clusters of soft, flavorful grapes. They have a juicy honey flavor. Moderate disease resistance.

Interlaken

COMMON SYNONYM: Interlaken Seedless, NY 15292
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: USA
SPECIES: Interspecific Cross
BREEDER: A.B. Stout, G.D. Oberle, R. Wellington
PEDIGREE: Ontario x Sultanina
USE: Table
VIGOR: Moderate
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Early season
CLONES OFFERED: 02

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Interlaken ripens early and produces clusters of small, white grapes. Mildly acidic grapes. Grows well in cool climates and in short seasons. Used for frozen fruit and raisins.

July Muscat

COMMON SYNONYM: California P 61-12
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: USA
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER: H.P. Olmo
PEDIGREE: Calif. 126-11 (Muscat of Alexandria x Flame Tokay) x Calif. K4-41 (Muscat Hamburg x Scolokertek kiralynoje)
USE: Table
VIGOR:
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING:
CLONES OFFERED:

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

Jupiter

COMMON SYNONYM: Ark. 1985
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: USA
SPECIES: Interspecific Cross
BREEDER: Clarksville, Arkansas. Agricultural Experiment Station Fruit Substation
PEDIGREE: Arkansas Selection 1258 (non-patented) x Arkansas Selection 1762 (non-patented)
USE: Seedless
VIGOR: Moderate
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Early to Mid-season
CLONES OFFERED:

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Early maturing variety has large blue grapes growing on medium sized clusters. A great disease resistant seedless variety with a distinct muscat flavor! The leaves can be used for stuffing. Requires fungicide sprays for a good production.

Kay Gray

COMMON SYNONYM: Elmer Swenson 1-63, E.S. 1-63
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: USA
SPECIES: Interspecific Cross (includes labrusca)
BREEDER: Elmer Swenson
PEDIGREE: E.S. 217 (Minn.78 x Golden Muscat) OP – probably by Onaka
USE: Wine, Table
VIGOR: Hardy
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Mid-season
CLONES OFFERED:

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Known as one of the hardiest grapes that is grown in the Midwest. Kay Gray small golden grape clusters ripen early, and is very disease resistant. Can produce a neutral white wine; mostly used for blending.

La Crescent

[frame_left src=”https://www.inlanddesert.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/lacrescent.jpg” href=””][/frame_left]COMMON SYNONYM: MN1166
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: USA
SPECIES: Interspecific Cross
BREEDER: Peter Hemstad
PEDIGREE: St. Pepin x a Swenson selection (V. riparia x Muscat Hamburg)
USE: Wine
VIGOR: Medium
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Early to Mid-Season
CLONES OFFERED:

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: A newly created vine noted for its excellent winter hardiness and growth in cold northern climates. This white wine grape is somewhat disease-resistant but can be susceptible in humid, downy mildew. Can be harvested late with high sugar and acidity levels.

Limberger

COMMON SYNONYM: Lemberger, Blaufränkisch
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Austria
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER: Lemberg
PEDIGREE: It is believed that one of the parents may be Heunisch weiss (Gouais blanc)
USE: Wine, Table
VIGOR: Vigorous
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Late ripening
CLONES OFFERED: 01, 02

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: A dark-skinned grape used for dark red wine, frequently blended with Pinot Noir. Known to have low levels of histamines, which can cause allergy headaches. Limberger grows well in a warm, protected climate in various soil types. Vine is prone to powdery and downy mildew.

Malbec

COMMON SYNONYM: Côt, Auxerrois, Côt, Pressac
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: France
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER: TBD
PEDIGREE: Magdeleine Noire des Charentes (a previously unknown variety) x Prunelard (see reference 57)
USE: Wine, Table
VIGOR: Moderate
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Early
CLONES OFFERED: 04, 06, 09, 10

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: This vine is popular in Argentina where it is being used to produce delicious varietal wines. The thin skinned dark purple grape creates a dark inky red wine; commonly used in blends with Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon to create a Bordeaux style blend. Susceptible to diseases, frost, downy mildew and bunch rot. Requires a milder climate than Merlot or Cabernet Sauvignon.

Malegue 44-53

COMMON SYNONYM: 44-53 Malègue; 44-53 M
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: France
SPECIES: Interspecific Cross (cordifolia; riparia; rupestris)
BREEDER: Malègue
PEDIGREE: Riparia grand glabre x 144M (cordifolia x rupestris)
USE: Rootstock
VIGOR: Moderate
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: n/a
CLONES OFFERED: 01

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Grows poorly in soils saturated with lime, but grows well in soils with high magnesium levels. Has good phylloxera resistance.

Malvasia Bianca

COMMON SYNONYM: Moscato greco, Malvazia
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Greece or Italy
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER: Monemvasia
PEDIGREE:
USE: Wine, Table
VIGOR: Low
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Early
CLONES OFFERED: 03

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: This vine requires a sheltered, dry Mediterranean climate for perfect ripening. Grapes are used to produce dry, sweet, sparkling and specialty wines. Grows well on a well-drained, sloped terrain. Susceptible to mildew and rot in wet conditions.

Marquette

[frame_left src=”https://www.inlanddesert.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/marquette.jpg” href=””][/frame_left]COMMON SYNONYM: Minnesota 1211
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: USA
SPECIES: Interspecific Hybrid
BREEDER: Peter Hemstad
PEDIGREE: MN 1094 (complex hybrid of V. riparia, V. vinifera, and other Vitis species) x Ravat 262
USE: Wine
VIGOR: Medium
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Mid-season
CLONES OFFERED:

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: This variety was developed by the University of Minnesota Horticultural Center from a MN 1094 complex hybrid x Ravat 262 cross. A cousin of Frontenac, this vine was created to be cold-hardy, frost-resistant and less susceptible to fungi, mildew and rot. Requires minimal spray. Ripens with high sugar and moderate acidity. Grows well in the Upper Midwest/Northeast United States and Canada, and Northeastern Europe.

Marsanne

COMMON SYNONYM: Avilleran, Avilleron, Champagne Piacentina, Ermitage
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: France
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER: Rhone Valley
PEDIGREE:
USE: Wine
VIGOR: Good
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Late
CLONES OFFERED: 01

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: This variety grows best in a mild climate. In order to maintain a high level of acidity, winemakers try to harvest Marsanne just before it reaches full ripeness. Produces dark colored wines that are nutty and rich with aromas of pear and spice. Usually blended with Roussanne.

Matador 01

COMMON SYNONYM: PC0188-151
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: USA
SPECIES: 101-14 Mgt x (V. mustangensis x V. rupestris)
BREEDER: Dr. Peter Cousins, USDA-ARS Breeding Program, Geneva, New Yor
PEDIGREE: 101-14 Mgt x (V. mustangensis x V. rupestris)
USE: Rootstock
VIGOR:
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING:
CLONES OFFERED: 01

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: This selection was bred for root-knot nematode resistance. The original material did not receive treatment and successfully completed testing and was planted in a Foundation Vineyard in 2009. Matador 01 underwent micro-shoot tip tissue culture therapy at FPS in 2011. Sibling rootstock to Minotaur, with the same seed and pollen parent.

Melon

COMMON SYNONYM: Melon de Bourgogne, Muscadet, Weisser Burgunder, Spater Weisser Burgunder
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: France
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER: Burgundy
PEDIGREE: Pinot x Gouais blanc
USE: Wine
VIGOR: Vigorous
BUDBREAK: Early
HARVEST TIMING:
CLONES OFFERED: 02

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: The Melon variety is identical to Muscadet de Bourgogne. It thrives in a cold coastal climate, and is susceptible to mildew in humid climates. Naturally high acidity in the grapes.

Merlot

COMMON SYNONYM: Picard, Langon, Merlot Noir
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: France
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER: Libournais/Bordeaux
PEDIGREE: Magdeleine Noire des Charentes (a previously unknown variety) x Cabernet Franc (see reference 57)
USE: Wine
VIGOR: Medium-High
BUDBREAK: Early
HARVEST TIMING: Mid-season
CLONES OFFERED: 01, 03, 06, 15, 18, 20, 25

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Merlot is the most widely grown red wine variety and it an important component of Bordeaux wine blends. It was derived from a Cabernet Franc crossed with an unknown variety. Moderate cold-hardiness with soft tannins, higher sugar content and lower acidity. Its own-rooted vines naturally gather high levels of nitrogen during bloom, especially during cold weather. Nitrogen fertilization is recommended after blooming.

Millardet et de Grasset 101-14

COMMON SYNONYM: 101-14 Mgt
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: France
SPECIES: Interspecific Cross
BREEDER: Millardet
PEDIGREE: V. riparia x V. rupestris
USE: Rootstock
VIGOR: Low/Moderate
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: n/a
CLONES OFFERED: 01

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: The undersides of the leaves have brush-like hairs on veins and between the veins. It is a female vine. Mother vines of 101-14 produce good canes, long internodes and bear fruit.

Millardet et de Grasset 41B

COMMON SYNONYM: 41 B
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: France
SPECIES: Interspecific Cross (berlandieri; vinifera)
BREEDER: Millardet
PEDIGREE: Chasselas x V. berlandieri
USE: Rootstock
VIGOR: Low/Moderate
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: n/a
CLONES OFFERED: 01

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: This rootstock has good resistance to phylloxera, but show symptoms of nematode attack. Does not grow well in clay-heavy soils.

Minotaur 01

COMMON SYNONYM: PC0188-32
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: USA
SPECIES: 101-14 Mgt x (V. mustangensis x V. rupestris)
BREEDER: Dr. Peter Cousins, USDA-ARS Breeding Program, Geneva, New Yor
PEDIGREE: 101-14 Mgt x (V. mustangensis x V. rupestris)
USE: Rootstock
VIGOR:
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING:
CLONES OFFERED: 01

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: This selection was bred for root-knot nematode resistance. The original material did not receive treatment and successfully completed testing and was planted in a Foundation Vineyard in 2009. Minotaur 01 underwent micro-shoot tip tissue culture therapy at FPS in 2011. Sibling rootstock to Minotaur, with the same seed and pollen parent.

Montepulciano

COMMON SYNONYM: Cordisco, Morellone, Primaticcio, Uva Abruzzi
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Italy
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER: Tuscany
PEDIGREE:
USE: Wine
VIGOR: Vigorous
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Late ripening
CLONES OFFERED: 03

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: A plump, black-skinned grape popular to grow in central and southern Italy. Usually blended with Sangiovese to produce a fruity, balanced red wine due to its low acidity. Also used to produce a popular rosé named “Cerasuolo”.

Monukka

COMMON SYNONYM: Black Monukka
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: USSR
SPECIES: IV. vinifera
BREEDER:
PEDIGREE:
USE: Table, raisin
VIGOR: High
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: August – September
CLONES OFFERED: 03

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: The vine is vigorous and productive under either spur or cane pruning. Older plantings usually carry leafroll-associated viruses, which negatively affects the “red to black” fruit color, and result in variable raisin color.

Mourvèdre

COMMON SYNONYM: Mataró, Mataro, Monastrell
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Spain
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER:
PEDIGREE: Spain
USE: Wine
VIGOR: Moderate
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Late
CLONES OFFERED: 04

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Mourvedre is a hot, dry climate grape variety that grows well on hillsides and well drained, fertile soils. This variety was hit hard by phylloxera breakout during the 1880s and is susceptible to powdery and downy mildew. Produces strong, deeply colored wines with a blackberry aroma.

Müller-Thurgau

COMMON SYNONYM: Müller, Riesling-Sylvaner, Rivaner, Rizanec, Rizlingszilvani
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Germany
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER: Hermann Müller
PEDIGREE: Riesling x Madeleine Royale
USE: Wine
VIGOR: High
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Early
CLONES OFFERED: 01

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Very similar to Chasselas de Courtiller and Madeleine Royale. Creates a fruity white wine with low acidity.

Muscat Blanc

COMMON SYNONYM: Muscat blanc à Petits Grains, Muscat Canelli
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Greece
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER:
PEDIGREE:
USE: Wine, Table
VIGOR: High
BUDBREAK: Early
HARVEST TIMING: Mid-season
CLONES OFFERED: 01

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: White, rose and red wine grapes grow in this variety. Usually used for producing semi-sweet and sweet dessert wines, but not classified as a dessert wine. This variety may be the oldest known grape, with a long documented history in the Mediterranean. Prone to bunch rot.

Muscat Ottonel

COMMON SYNONYM: Muskat-Ottonel
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: France
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER: Moreau-Robert
PEDIGREE:
USE: Wine, Table
VIGOR: Medium
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Mid-season
CLONES OFFERED: 01

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Muscat Ottonel is susceptible to winter cold temperatures, similar hardiness to Gewürztraminer. Somewhat resistant to bunch rot. Acidity drops quickly after ripening.

Nebbiolo

COMMON SYNONYM: Spanna, Picoultener, Picotendre, Prunent, Chiavennasca
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Italy
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER:
PEDIGREE:
USE: Wine
VIGOR: High
BUDBREAK: Early
HARVEST TIMING: Very Late
CLONES OFFERED: 01, 06, 08

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: These thin clustered red grapes have strong vines that are difficult to grow outside Italy’s foggy climate. Thrives in warm weather and sandy soils, and is susceptible to coulure. Like Pinot Noir, the Nebbiolo variety is susceptible to genetic mutation. Nebbiolo Rosé is not a clone of Nebbiolo.

Negro Amaro

COMMON SYNONYM: Negroamaro, Abruzzese
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Greece to Italy
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER: Italy
PEDIGREE:
USE: Wine
VIGOR: High
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Mid-season
CLONES OFFERED: 01

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: A dark-skinned grape widely grown in Italy and Mediterranean climates with limited rainfall. Drought resistant, and thrives in chalky and limey soils. This dark grape is commonly used as the dominant grape in producing red wine blends.

Neptune

COMMON SYNONYM: Neptune
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: USA
SPECIES: Interspecific Cross
BREEDER: James N. Moore
PEDIGREE:
USE: Table
VIGOR: Low
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Mid-season
CLONES OFFERED:

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: A mid-season variety with medium sized grapes on a cone-shaped cluster. Firm, tough-skinned, white seedless berries are highly resistant to cracking, are high in sugar and have a fruity flavor.

Niagra

COMMON SYNONYM: Niagra White
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: USA
SPECIES: Includes V. labrusca and V. vinifera
BREEDER: Originated by C.L.Hoag and B.W. Clark
PEDIGREE: Concord x Cassady
USE: Juice, Table, Wine
VIGOR: High
BUDBREAK:
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Mid-season
CLONES OFFERED: 02

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Niagara is the leading green grape grown in the United States – used as a table grape, and for juices and sweet wines.

Okanagan Riesling

COMMON SYNONYM: Inkameep Riesling
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: USA
SPECIES: Vitis sp.
BREEDER: TBD
PEDIGREE:
USE: Wine
VIGOR:
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Mid-September
CLONES OFFERED:

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Okanagan Riesling is a cold-hardy grape found in British Columbia and the U.S. This variety is not related to the Germany Riesling. Grows well in light soils, and is very resistant to birds and mildew. Used to produce a white-wine blend.

Oppenheim #4

COMMON SYNONYM: SO4
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Germany
SPECIES: Interspecific Cross (berlandieri; riparia)
BREEDER: School of Viticulture, Oppenheim
PEDIGREE: Rességuier x V. riparia
USE: Rootstock
VIGOR: Moderate
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: n/a
CLONES OFFERED: 09

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Oppenheim does poorly in drought conditions, but has good resistance to phylloxera and nematodes. SO4 has trifid tendrils, reddened blotchy shoot tips.

Orange Muscat

COMMON SYNONYM: Muscat Fleur d’ Orange
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: France or Italy
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER:
PEDIGREE:
USE: Wine
VIGOR: Low
BUDBREAK: Mid-season
HARVEST TIMING: Early
CLONES OFFERED: 01A

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: A clone most commonly used for producing medium-sweet and dessert wines. These dark skinned grapes thrive in few hot/dry climates and have an orange-peel like flavor.

Paulsen 1103

COMMON SYNONYM: 1103 P
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Italy
SPECIES: Interspecific Cross (berlandieri; rupestris)
BREEDER: Paulsen
PEDIGREE: Rességuier no.2 berlandieri x Rupestris du Lot
USE: Rootstock
VIGOR: High
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: n/a
CLONES OFFERED: 01

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Paulsen is known for its strong drought tolerance and ability to grow well on lime-heavy soils. Leaves are gray/green, its shoot tips are hairy and it has “naked veins” along the petiolar sinus.

Petit Verdot

COMMON SYNONYM: Verdot
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: France
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER: TBD
PEDIGREE:
USE: Wine
VIGOR: Moderate
BUDBREAK:
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Late
CLONES OFFERED: 02

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: This small black grape is grown in limited amounts due to its poor winter hardiness. Usually produces more than two grape clusters on each shoot, and ripens late. Leaves have 3-5 lobes. Used for creating Bordeaux wine blends.

Pinot Blanc

COMMON SYNONYM: Weissburgunder, Klevner
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: France
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER: Alsace
PEDIGREE:
USE: Wine
VIGOR: Low
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Early
CLONES OFFERED: 07, 81, Q1043-04

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: This variety is a genetical mutation of Pinot Noir, but much easier to grow. Grows a small canopy with much fruit that is resistance to bunch rot. Grapes used to produce dry, crisp white wines or sparkling wines.

Pinot Gris

COMMON SYNONYM: Pinot grigio, Pinot burot, Fromenteau
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: France
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER: Burgundy, France
PEDIGREE: Mutation of Pinot Noir
USE: Wine
VIGOR: Low
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Early
CLONES OFFERED: 01, 05, 09

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Produces grapes of different colors – pink, copper/gray and brown/pink which are used to make white wine. Thrives in a cool climate, coastal regions and long growing season. Can produce high sugars and low acidity. Several Pinot Gris clones resist bunch rot well.

Pinot Meunier

COMMON SYNONYM: Meunier, Schwarzriesling, France 869
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: France
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER: France
PEDIGREE: Mutation of Pinot noir
USE: Wine
VIGOR: Low
BUDBREAK: Late
HARVEST TIMING: Early
CLONES OFFERED: 01, 05, 06

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: This winter hardy variety closely resembles Pinot Noir. Very susceptible to bunch rot but not to powdery mildew or Eutypa dieback. Popular to grow in the Champagne region of France. In the U.S. it has the nickname of Black Riesling due to its black grapes.

Pinot Noir

COMMON SYNONYM: Arbst, Auvernat Noir, Pinot Droit, Blauer Klevner
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: France
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER: Burgundy, France
PEDIGREE: Traminer x Pinot Meunier
USE: Wine
VIGOR: Low-Moderate
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Early
CLONES OFFERED: 02A, 13, 22, 46, 47, 71, 72, 73, 91, 97, 113, 115, Precoce

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: This variety may be the oldest cultivated variety of the genus Vitis. Thrives in a cool, foggy climate with a well-drained limestone-based soil. It has been known to be difficult to grow in North America. Used to produce blended sparkling wines or red marks.

Pinotage

COMMON SYNONYM: Perold’s Hermitage x Pinot
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: South Africa
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER: A.I. Perold
PEDIGREE: Cinsaut x Pinot noir
USE: Wine
VIGOR: Vigorous
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Early to ripen
CLONES OFFERED: 01

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: A unique grape variety from South Africa with a fruity aroma. Can be grown in a trellised system or as bush vines. Usually blended to produce a well-aged hearty red wine. Contains high sugar levels and high tannins.

Primitivo

COMMON SYNONYM: Crljenak kaštelanski, Pribidrag, Zinfandel
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Croatia
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER: Croatia
PEDIGREE: 6- DNA analysis established that Zinfandel = Crljenak kaštelanski (Croatia) and Primitivo (Italy)
USE: Wine
VIGOR: Moderate
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Mid-season
CLONES OFFERED: 03

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Identical to Zinfandel. Fruit matures earlier and has lower susceptibility to bunch rot than Zinfandel. Tends to have an uneven pattern of ripening. Grapes can be late-harvested to produce dessert wine.

Reliance

COMMON SYNONYM: Arkansas 1163, Reliance Seedless
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: USA
SPECIES: Interspecific Cross (includes labrusca)
BREEDER: Dr. James N. Moore
PEDIGREE: Ontario x Suffolk Red
USE: Jelly,Juice,Table,Wine
VIGOR: Moderate
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Early to Mid-season
CLONES OFFERED:

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Reliance produces large clusters of round, red, medium-sized berries. A leading variety for sweet flavor with tender skin and flesh melting in texture. Fruit does not always color well, but cold hardiness is among the highest of the seedless varieties.

Richter 110

COMMON SYNONYM: 110R
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: France
SPECIES: Interspecific Cross (berlandieri; riparia)
BREEDER: Richter
PEDIGREE: Rességuier no. 2 berlandieri x Rupestris Martin
USE: Rootstock
VIGOR: High
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: n/a
CLONES OFFERED: 01

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Recommended for hillsides or dry sites where drought is likely.

Richter 99

COMMON SYNONYM: 99R
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: France
SPECIES: Interspecific Cross (berlandieri; riparia)
BREEDER: Richter
PEDIGREE: Berlandieri Las Sorres x Rupestris du Lot
USE: Rootstock
VIGOR:
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: n/a
CLONES OFFERED: 01A

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Richter 99 has a high degree of tolerance to phylloxera radicola, with moderate drought resistance. Sensitive to acidity in the soil.

Riesling

COMMON SYNONYM: Johannisberg Riesling, White Riesling, FPS 20 & 29
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Germany
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER: Germany
PEDIGREE: 6- DNA analysis in 1998 (in Austria) revealed parental relationship with Gouais blanc
USE: Wine
VIGOR: Vigorous
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Late
CLONES OFFERED: 01, 09, 10, 12, 17, 19, 21, 49, 239-13, COL 813

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Riesling is very susceptible to Botrytis bunch rot, so extra attention to leaf removal and extra spraying is necessary. Usually grown in cooler regions but tends to under ripen in very cold climates. When grown on deep fertile soil this variety tends to overcrop. Produces a range from dry to very sweet dessert wines. More noble rot contributes to sweeter late harvest ice wines.

Riparia Gloire

COMMON SYNONYM: Riparia Gloire
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: France
SPECIES: V. riparia
BREEDER: Viala
PEDIGREE: V. riparia
USE: Rootstock
VIGOR: Low/Moderate
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: n/a
CLONES OFFERED: 6

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Riparia Gloire roots and grafts well and has strong phylloxera resistance, but is susceptible to some strains of root-knot nematodes. Likely to do well in high density plantings with damp soil. Has large leaves with three lobes and sharp teeth – similar to 1616C in appearance.

Rondo

COMMON SYNONYM: Geisenheim 6494-5, GM 6494, GM 6494-5
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Germany
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER: Helmut Becker
PEDIGREE: Zarya Severa (Sayanets Malengra x Amurensis) x Saint Laurent
USE: Wine
VIGOR:
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING:
CLONES OFFERED: CPCNW

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: This variety was bred using Vitis amurensis genes to combat cold winters.

Roussanne

COMMON SYNONYM: Roussanne Blanc, Bergeron
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: France
SPECIES: V. vinifera
BREEDER: Rhône, France
PEDIGREE:
USE: Wine
VIGOR: Moderate
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Late
CLONES OFFERED: 03

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: The Roussanne grape has a reddish-brown skin with the flavors of herbal tea. It produces a wine of varying richness based on the growing climate. Very vulnerable to powdery mildew, rot, drought and wind and uneven ripening. Highly acidic.

Ruggeri 140

COMMON SYNONYM: 140 RU, 140 Ruggeri, Rugg.140
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Italy
SPECIES: Interspecific Cross (berlandieri;rupestris)
BREEDER: Ruggeri
PEDIGREE: Rességuier no.2 berlandieri x Rupestris du Lot
USE: Rootstock
VIGOR: Very High
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: n/a
CLONES OFFERED: 02

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: This rootstock is best suited to dry-farmed areas with shallow soils. The Ruggeri 140 leaf tissue puckers near the mid-vein.

Sagrantino

COMMON SYNONYM: Sagrantino di Montefalco, Sagrantino Rosso
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Italy
SPECIES: Vitis vinifera
BREEDER: Umbria, Italy
PEDIGREE:
USE: Wine
VIGOR: Medium
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Late
CLONES OFFERED: 01

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: A red-wine grape known as having one of the highest tannins in the world. Susceptible to downy mildew and winter cold. Produces a black/purple dark that can either be made into a dry or dessert wine.

Sangiovese

COMMON SYNONYM: Sangiovese Grosso, Sangiovese Piccolo
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Italy
SPECIES: Vitis vinifera
BREEDER: Umbria, Italy
PEDIGREE:
USE: Wine
VIGOR: High
BUDBREAK: Early
HARVEST TIMING: Late
CLONES OFFERED: 02, 05, 06, SSF

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Sangiovese is the most popular variety in Italy, and is rarely grown elsewhere. Two and three cluster shoots ripen late and have high tannins and acidity. Thrives in hot, dry climates and grows in various soils. Susceptible to downy mildew, botrytis cinerea and cold frosts. Blends well with varieties of Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc and Zinfandel. Produces wine with rich cherry or plumlike flavors.

Sauvignon Blanc

COMMON SYNONYM: Fume blanc, Musque
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: France
SPECIES: Vitis vinifera
BREEDER:
PEDIGREE:
USE: Wine
VIGOR: High
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: Late season
CLONES OFFERED: 14, 18, 27, Gist

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Bud break is mid season and maturity is early relative to most vinifera. It is very susceptible to powdery mildew and black rot.

Schonburger

COMMON SYNONYM: Fume blanc, 01
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Germany
SPECIES: Vitis vinifera
BREEDER:
PEDIGREE: Pinot noir, Chasselas Rosé, and Muscat Hamburg
USE: Wine
VIGOR:
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING:
CLONES OFFERED:

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: This is a reliable early-ripening grape, though is susceptible to powdery mildew.
The wine produced is usually a soft while full and fruity white.

Schuyler

COMMON SYNONYM: New York 13920
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: USA
SPECIES: Interspecific Cross (labrusca; vinifera)
BREEDER: Wellington and Oberle
PEDIGREE: Zinfandel x Ontario
USE: Table
VIGOR:
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING:
CLONES OFFERED: 03

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

Schwarzmann

COMMON SYNONYM: Riparia Rupestris, Schwarzmann 106/8
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Czechslovakia
SPECIES: Interspecific Cross (berlandieri;rupestris)
BREEDER: Schwarzmann
PEDIGREE: V. rupestris x V. riparia
USE: Rootstock
VIGOR: Low/Moderate
BUDBREAK:
HARVEST TIMING: n/a
CLONES OFFERED: 01

Information from the National Grape Registry, www.ngr.ucdavis.edu

OTHER INFORMATION: Its moderate vigor suggests it would be best on deep fertile soils, and it is not tolerant of summer drought. The leaf surface of Schwarzmann is more puckered and the vine is male.